Juanita Redmond Hipps trained as a nurse at South Caroline State Hospital and joined the Army Nurse Corps in 1936. She was sent to Manila, in the Philippines, soon after joining.
In 1941, following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, she was assigned to Bataan where she became known as one of the Angels of Bataan. Unlike many of the nurses stationed in the Philippines, Hipps was evacuated to Australia prior to Japanese occupation. She spent the remainder of the war in the United States promoting war bonds and recruiting nurses for the war effort. She was awarded the gold flight wings and helped establish the United States Army Air Corps flight nurse program.
In 1943, her book I Served On Bataan became a bestseller and inspired the movie So Proudly We Hail.
For her service, she was awarded the Purple Heart, Bronze Star and three presidential unit citations.
Following the war, she married United States Army Air Forces Officer William Grover Hipps and had one son. She spent the remainder of her life following William to posts in the United States and around the world. She retired from the Army is 1969.
Hipps died Feb. 25, 1979, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The United States Air Force presents the Juanita Redmond Award, the highest nursing award, in her memory.
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Veterans History Project
This #VeteranOfTheDay profile was created with interviews submitted to the Veterans History Project. The project collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war Veterans so that future generations may hear directly from Veterans and better understand the realities of war. Find out more at http://www.loc.gov/vets/.
Graphic designer: Tenzin Chomphel
Editor: Geoffrey Townsley