Anchors of hope: Evidence-based suicide prevention practices make an impact


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VA Rocky Mountain MIRECC’s Suicide Prevention’s podcast, “Short Takes on Suicide Prevention,” recently featured Matt Miller, Ph.D., MPH, the acting director of suicide prevention in the Office of Mental Health and Suicide Prevention (OMHSP). In this podcast episode, Miller discussed progress the office has made and its plans for implementing more evidence-based suicide prevention practices.

MIRECC is VA’s Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers (MIRECCs). The MIRECCs generate new knowledge about the causes and treatments of mental health conditions, apply findings to model clinical programs, and widely disseminate findings to improve Veterans’ quality of life.

“What we’ve seen is indicative that evidence-based care — that which we research and practice — really works,” said Miller.

According to Miller, one indicator of that progress is the declining rate of suicide among Veterans with diagnoses of depression who have recently received VHA care. Miller noted that between 2005-2017, this rate has been slowly decreasing. Also significant, the latest data shows that among women Veterans who were VHA users, there was no increase in the suicide rate or the number of suicide deaths from 2016-2017. Miller refers to these as “anchors of hope.”

Anchor points:

  • Veterans Crisis Line. The expansion of the crisis line to more than 900 operators has made it the world’s largest crisis call center. The Veterans Crisis Line has a 99% answer rate, taking more than 650,000 phone calls per year.
  • Same-day access to care. In 2018, VA conducted more than 824,000 same-day general mental health appointments.
  • Universal mental health screening. An estimated 8 million Veterans have had a mental health screening at a VHA facility. Of these, approximately 120,000 have, based on the results of their screening, worked with health care providers to develop a safety plan and/or a mental health treatment plan.

Miller also spoke about the importance of OMHSP partnerships that use evidence-based practices to provide support for Veterans outside the VA health care system. One such partnership, with the Department of Health and Human Services’ Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is responsible for the Governor’s and Mayor’s Challenges. These challenges have inspired state and local agencies, as well as small businesses and other community partners, to pursue community-based Veteran suicide prevention efforts. Seven state teams and 24 city teams are currently creating community strategic plans. VA’s goal is to involve all 50 states in these challenges.

Making a difference

Other OMHSP partners include the National Shooting Sports Foundation, which is advancing efforts to put time and space between Veterans in crisis and lethal means such as firearms — an area Miller said will be a focus for the Suicide Prevention Program in the coming year. Miller also hailed Together With Veterans, the program on which OMHSP collaborates with Rocky Mountain MIRECC to support rural Veteran suicide prevention community-based networks.

“Every day, we are making a difference,” Miller said. “Every day, in everything we’re doing, we are saving lives.”


If you or someone you know is having thoughts of suicide, contact the Veterans Crisis Line to receive free, confidential support and crisis intervention available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. Call 1-800-273-8255 and Press 1, text to 838255 or chat online at VeteransCrisisLine.net/Chat.

Reporters covering this issue can download VA’s Safe Messaging Best Practices fact sheet or visit www.ReportingOnSuicide.org for important guidance on how to communicate about suicide.


Wendy Lakso is the director of partnerships in the VA Office of Mental Health and Suicide Prevention, Suicide Prevention Program.

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Comments

  1. JOE BECK    

    Nothing imaginary about the physical pan many vets are tolerating and after they give up and can no longer take the pain,VA calls it suicide!!Just plain wrong for letting congress control VA drs abilities to treat the vets!!!!

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